The Future of Fractional Ownership: How Real World Asset Tokenization Can Transform Asset Management

May 24-2024

Asset tokenisation is emerging as a game-changing phenomenon in the swiftly changing intersection of finance and technology. It combines blockchain technology with tangible assets, introducing a fresh perspective on managing assets and investments. According to recent industry reports, the global market for asset tokenization is projected to reach over $2 trillion by 2025, highlighting the immense potential for growth in this sector.

Tokenization entails transforming ownership rights of physical and intangible assets into digital tokens on a blockchain platform. This innovation is significant for real estate, art, commodities, and intellectual property, offering improved liquidity, transparency, and accessibility.

Image of cityscape with skyscrapers topped with Bitcoin, Ethereum, and Tether tokens. Text: 'RWA Real World Asset Tokenization,' highlighting digital integration of physical assets.

Exploring Real-World Asset Tokenization in Blockchain Technology

Real-world asset tokenization crypto, or RWA tokenization, revolutionizes traditional markets by converting tangible assets like real estate, art, and commodities into digital tokens on blockchain platforms. These tokens represent ownership rights or shares in the underlying assets, enabling fractional ownership, increased liquidity, and enhanced accessibility to assets traditionally considered illiquid.

What is RWA Tokenization?

RWA tokenization, or real-world asset tokenization, involves transforming various tangible and intangible assets into digital tokens on blockchain platforms, unlocking unprecedented opportunities for investors and asset owners. Let’s delve into the diverse range of assets that are being tokenized:

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Real Estate

Residential and commercial properties are prime examples of tokenized assets in the real world, offering fractional ownership and access to global investment opportunities, especially for smaller investors. Tokenization enhances liquidity and accessibility in the traditionally illiquid real estate sector, allowing investors to diversify their portfolios.

Let's look at an example of a mall that generates recurring profits from shop rentals, parking, events, and more. If a builder wants to raise investment for constructing the mall, they can use a smart contract for the property. This smart contract will include rules and conditions that divide the property ownership into 100,000 tokens. The builder will sell these tokens to different buyers in USDC, who will own a share of the property equal to the number of tokens they hold. The USDC collected from the Buyers will be escrowed in a wallet, from where the Builder can withdraw only after completing pre-decided milestones for the project. Furthermore, after the completion of the mall, the buyers will also be eligible for a share of the recurring revenue the mall generates from rentals. All of the transactions will be governed automatically through the smart contract, without the involvement of intermediaries.

In January 2018, the St. Regis Aspen Resort marked a historic moment as the first real estate asset to undergo tokenization. Aspen Digital, holding approximately 19% ownership in the resort, successfully raised $18 million through a security token offering (STO) for AspenCoin (ASPD). Upon its debut, an impressive 138,000 tokens were traded, leading to a 32% price surge from $1 to $1.32 per token. The token boasts a substantial valuation of $2.7, demonstrating remarkable capital appreciation. Additionally, individuals holding over 10,000 tokens are entitled to up to 50% cashback during their resort stay, showcasing the tangible benefits of ownership. This example underscores the transformative potential of real estate tokenization and sets the stage for promising trends in the field.

In another recent success, CitaDAO completed the tokenization of a prominent industrial property located in Singapore's vibrant Midview City, marking its third venture in introducing Real Estate On-Chain (IRO) projects.

Art and Collectibles

Tokenization democratizes access to rare artworks, vintage cars, and collectables, enabling individuals to invest in high-value assets without substantial capital. Fractional ownership through tokenization fosters inclusivity in the art and collectables market, opening up investment opportunities to a broader audience.


RWA tokenization provides diversified exposure to precious metals, agricultural products, and energy resources, mitigating risks associated with traditional commodity trading. Investors can access fractional ownership of commodities, benefiting from potential price appreciation and hedging against inflation.

Infrastructure Projects

The tokenization of large-scale infrastructure projects attracts investment and streamlines fundraising processes for airports, seaports, and renewable energy facilities. Fractional token ownership allows investors to participate in revenue-generating projects while contributing to global infrastructure development.

Intellectual Property

Creators can monetize patents, copyrights, and trademarks through tokenization, offering investors revenue-sharing models. Fractional ownership of intellectual property rights fosters innovation and rewards creators' contributions to a digital economy.

Private Equity and Venture Capital

Tokenization democratizes access to ownership stakes in startups and venture capital funds, promoting entrepreneurship and economic growth. Fractional token ownership facilitates capital formation and access to funding for early-stage investment opportunities.

Why Tokenize Real Assets?

Image listing the advantages of RWA tokenization: Enhanced Liquidity, Lowered Entry Barriers, Transparency and Security, and Cost Efficiency, with modern curved lines on a dark background.

Enhanced Liquidity:

Real-world asset tokenization transforms investment dynamics by subdividing significant assets into tradable units, facilitating easier buying and selling for investors. For example, a commercial property worth $10 million can be tokenized into 10,000 tokens valued at $1,000 each, widening investor participation. This democratization of access boosts market liquidity, akin to stock markets, enabling smoother entry and exit from investments compared to traditional real estate deals. Moreover, blockchain technology facilitates real-time trading, reducing transaction costs and enhancing efficiency while ensuring transparency and security, which fosters trust and market participation.

Lowered Entry Barriers:

Tokenization diminishes financial barriers to investment, especially in markets historically requiring substantial capital. Fractional ownership enables investors to acquire small portions of high-value assets, democratizing access to assets like commercial real estate or fine art. For instance, a $1 million artwork can be divided into 10,000 tokens, each valued at $100, democratizing art investment. This inclusivity injects fresh capital into markets, potentially boosting asset value and liquidity.

Transparency and Security:

Blockchain underpins the transparency and security of tokenization. Its immutable ledger ensures trust in transactions, simplifying ownership tracking and reducing disputes, particularly in complex sectors like commercial real estate. Blockchain's decentralized nature guards against fraud and hacking, enhancing asset security. Moreover, cryptographic encryption ensures secure transactions, bolstering confidence in tokenized assets and mitigating risks prevalent in certain markets.

Cost Efficiency:

Tokenization drives cost efficiency by streamlining transactions and reducing reliance on intermediaries like brokers and legal services. In sectors like real estate, where intermediary fees are significant, tokenization offers direct transactions on blockchain platforms. Smart contracts automate legal processes, cutting time and costs associated with traditional transactions. Blockchain transparency reduces due diligence needs, further trimming expenses. These efficiencies lower fees and accelerate transactions, fostering a more dynamic market benefiting investors and asset owners alike.

Major Projects in Asset Tokenization

Here are some notable entities leveraging RWA Tokenization:

  • AAVE, a crypto lending protocol, and MakerDAO, the team behind the stable DAI token, have joined Centrifuge to facilitate loans secured by real-world asset collateral.
  • Tether, the leading stable cryptocurrency, is widely used to purchase other cryptocurrencies on exchanges. It is backed by a reserve of USD, providing stability in the volatile crypto market.
  • Siemens, a global conglomerate, has shown interest in Web3 technology since 2021 and recently issued bonds on the Polygon blockchain in 2023, marking its entry into the decentralized finance space.
  • BlackRock, the world's largest asset manager, has introduced the 'BlackRock US Dollar Institutional Digital Liquidity Fund' (BUILD), signaling its endorsement of digital asset tokenization. If a powerhouse like BlackRock believes in tokenization, it underscores the potential significance of this emerging trend.

What To Expect

The future of asset tokenization is undeniably promising, but realizing its full potential demands a concerted and collaborative effort among various stakeholders. This includes technologists who develop and refine blockchain platforms, regulators who must craft and enforce clear, supportive legal frameworks, and financial professionals who drive adoption and integrate new practices into the mainstream financial ecosystem.

As the digital and physical worlds continue to converge, the integration of blockchain technology with real-world assets is poised for significant expansion. According to recent industry reports, the global market for asset tokenization is projected to reach over $2 trillion by 2025. The potential for tokenized assets is immense when combined with other technological advancements like artificial intelligence (AI) and the Internet of Things (IoT).

AI can enhance blockchain operations through improved decision-making processes and more innovative, more efficient contract management, thereby bolstering the security and functionality of tokenized assets. Studies have shown that integrating AI into blockchain systems can reduce operational costs by up to 30% and increase transaction speeds by over 50%. Similarly, IoT can provide a continuous stream of real-time data to blockchain networks, enhancing the transparency and verification processes necessary for effective asset management.

Looking forward, the integration of these technologies promises to streamline asset management and create more resilient and adaptive economic structures. For instance, AI algorithms can predict market trends and asset performances, optimizing asset allocation and pricing. Meanwhile, IoT devices can monitor the condition and usage of physical assets in real-time, ensuring that all stakeholder information is up-to-date and accurate, further reducing risk and enhancing trust.

Moreover, ongoing education and promotion are critical for asset tokenization to evolve from a niche innovation to a mainstream financial solution. This involves demystifying the technology for a broader audience and illustrating its practical benefits through case studies and pilot projects.


In conclusion, real-world asset tokenization signifies a fundamental change in our approach to understanding, investing, and conducting transactions involving tangible assets. Through the utilization of blockchain technology and smart contracts, tokenization presents enhanced liquidity, accessibility, and operational efficiency, thereby opening up novel avenues for both investors and asset holders. As we navigate the dynamic terrain of finance and investment, real-world asset tokenization is positioned to reshape the landscape of asset ownership and capital markets in the years to come.

About Author

Rubiya Naveed

Rubiya is a seasoned content writer at Vanar, a pioneering Layer 1 blockchain company. With a passion for cutting-edge technologies and industries, Rubiya brings a wealth of experience and enthusiasm to her role. At Vanar, she specializes in crafting insightful and engaging blockchain blogs, helping to demystify the complexities of blockchain technology for a diverse audience. Her expertise extends beyond the technical aspects, weaving in creativity to make the content not only informative but also compelling.